Food Residues Survey Programme

The FRSP investigates residues and contaminants in food intended for sale in New Zealand's domestic market. Prior to 2017, the FRSP was known as the Food Residue Surveillance Programme.


2017 – 2019 Plant-based foods survey

Background

MPI's Food Residues Survey Programme (FRSP) was established in 2003 to investigate residues and contaminants in food. It is intended to cover foods sold in the New Zealand domestic market, including both imported foods and domestic produce. 

Survey objectives and scope

MPI has commissioned a survey of plant-based foods available for sale on the New Zealand market. We are collecting plant-based food samples and testing for pesticide residues. This survey collects baseline data on agricultural chemical use and looks for indications of good agricultural practices. The FRSP does not target individual food producers or function as a 'test and release' tool for imported foods. Instead, surveys target crops and foods that may present potential chemical risks.

MPI began sampling in August 2017 and will continue through to June 2019. Sampling includes plant-based foods – produced in New Zealand or overseas – that are sold for domestic consumption. 

Targeted plant-based foods for 2017 – 2019

The survey targets a broad range of agricultural compounds registered in New Zealand for use on horticultural produce. Typically, screening tests include between 200 and 500 different pesticides. The survey is likely to include 60 samples of the following classifications:*

List

Codex classifications

Proposed crops for 2017–2019 (depending on availability and seasonality)

1

Root and tuber vegetables

Carrots

Turnips

Potatoes

Swedes

Kumara

2

Leafy vegetables

Watercress

Puha

Spinach in bunches (not bagged leaves)

Endives

Asian greens (boxthorn, water spinach)

3

Brassica leafy vegetables

Broccoli

Brussel sprouts

Cabbages (Savoy, red, Chinese)

Mustard greens

Kailan

4

Legume vegetables

Broad beans

Butter beans

Green beans

French beans

Snake or Chinese beans, long beans

5

Fruiting vegetables other than cucurbits

Peppers (capsicums, chillies)

Mushrooms

Corn on the cob

Okra

6

Stem vegetables

Asparagus 

Rhubarb

7

Pome fruits

Pears (Packham, nashi, Yali, Anjou)

Apples

Quinces

8

Stonefruits

Plums (cherries, damsons, greengages, prunes)

Peaches

Cherries

Nectarines

Apricots

9

Small fruits and berries

Blackberries

Blueberries

Boysenberries

Strawberries

Raspberries

10

Citrus

Oranges

Grapefruit

Lemons

Mandarins

Tangelos

Limes

*According to CODEX classifications of foods and animal feeds

Survey findings

MPI follows up on the following:

  • domestic samples where residues exceed the applicable maximum residue levels (MRLs) set in the following notice issued under the Food Act 2014:

Food Notice: MRLs for Agricultural Compounds [PDF, 922 KB]

  • domestic samples which indicate that agricultural compound products have not been applied in accordance with the Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines (ACVM) Act 1997
  • imported samples where residues exceed the Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) and Extraneous Maximum Residue Limits (EMRLs) for Pesticides under the current edition of the Codex Pesticides Residues in Food Online Database or the Maximum Residue Limits for Veterinary Drugs in Food under the current edition of the Codex Veterinary Drug Residue in the Food Online Database

Find out more about Codex MRLs

  • Australian imported samples where residues exceed the MRLs under the Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) Code, under the Codex MRLs, or under the New Zealand MRLs.

If the results of the sample testing identify food safety or public health issues, MPI may work with one or more of the following parties to address those issues: industry, local councils, the Environmental Protection Authority, other government agencies, or laboratories.

Survey reports

MPI releases an annual survey report with anonymised results and findings. The report will cover survey activities carried out during the previous fiscal year.

Documents for FRSP

FRSP 2016: Survey of agricultural compound resides in commercial foods for infants and young children

Read the full report [PDF, 241 KB]

FRSP 2015/2016: Pesticides in fresh and frozen produce

Read the full report [PDF, 447 KB]

FRSP 2013/2014: Pesticide residues in plant products

Read the full report [PDF, 434 KB]

Food residue surveillance programme (FRSP) 2011/2012

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