Introduction to storage, transport, and wharves

Get an overview of the requirements for food products for human and animal consumption for cold and dry stores, and transporting or handling them at wharves.


What are cold & dry stores?

Cold (or cool) and dry stores are standalone operations used to store products for human and animal consumption in refrigerated or ambient (non-refrigerated) conditions before being sold in New Zealand or exported overseas. Stored products may be consumer-ready or require further processing.

Exclusions:

  1. A manufacturing or processing operation where freezing, chilling or ambient storage is just one of the processing steps undertaken is not considered a stand-alone cold or dry store.
  2. If you temporarily hold meat or seafood animal material prior to its transferral to a primary processor for human consumption processing, for information about the storage requirements you may need to meet, refer to:

Transport operator requirements

Transport operators meet requirements under the Animal Products Act (APA) 1999 or the Food Act 1981. The requirements you meet depend on whether the products you transport are intended for export or for the New Zealand market.

Transporting for export

Transport operations that handle animal products intended for human or animal consumption and for export to countries requiring official assurances must operate under one of the following:

  • Transport Regulated Control Scheme (RCS)
  • Risk Management Programme (RMP).

Transporting for the New Zealand market

If you transport food for the New Zealand market, you need to comply with the Food Act.

The exception to this is where a transport operator is considered to be a dairy processor, under the Animal Products Act. In this case the transport operator is required to operate under either an approved FSP or a registered RMP.

Operating under the Food Act

The Food Act 2014 came into force on 1 March 2016. The Act applies to all new food businesses that started from that date.

Existing businesses (registered under the Food Act 1981 or Food Hygiene Regulations 1974 before 29 February 2016) are making the transition between 2016 and 2019. Find out when your type of business has to start operating under the Act.

Wharf operator requirements

Wharf operators meet requirements under the Animal Products Act (APA) 1999 or the Food Act. The requirements you meet depend on whether the products you handle are intended for export or for the New Zealand market.

Handling animal products for export

Wharf operators who handle animal products intended for human or animal consumption and for export to countries requiring official assurances must operate under one of the following:

  • Wharf Regulated Control Scheme (RCS)
  • Risk Management Programme (RMP).

Handling food products for the New Zealand market

Wharf operators handling food for the New Zealand market need to comply with the Food Act.

Requirements for cold & dry stores

The requirements your storage operation needs to comply with depend on the type of products being stored and whether they are sold in New Zealand or exported overseas.

The legislation that applies in each situation is summarised below. To understand the impact this has on your operation, and to ensure that you are complying, refer to the relevant pages within this Stores (cold & dry) section.

Legislation – storing products for sale in New Zealand

  • Animal products for human consumption – comply with the Food Act.
  • Dairy products for human consumption – comply with the Food Act.
  • Non-animal products for human consumption – comply with the Food Act.
  • Products for animal consumption – refer to:

Agricultural compounds and veterinary medicines – animal feed and pet food

Legislation – storing products for export

  • Animal products for human or animal consumption - comply with the Animal Products Act (APA) 1999 and any destination country requirements.
    • Note: Cold and dry storage of animal products is classified as secondary processing under the APA.
  • Non-animal products for human consumption – comply with the Food Act, Wine Act 2003, Organic Official Assurances Programme and destination country requirements as applicable.
  • Non-animal products for animal consumption – refer to the ACVM requirements.
  • Wine products – comply with the Wine Act 2003.

Keeping up to date

It’s important to keep up to date with any new or revised information about transport, wharves, and storage. Sign up to receive the latest MPI news by email.

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