One of MPI's roles is to limit or reduce the impacts of fishing activity on seabirds. Find out what we do, the law and regulations in force, our plans, and how fishers can help.
How we protect seabirds
Our work to help avoid, remedy, or mitigate the impacts on seabirds from fishing activity includes:
- regulating certain fishing methods
- helping fishers to prevent seabirds getting caught in gear
- monitoring commercial fishing with on-board observers and cameras
- working with international and local organisations
- researching seabirds and fishing activity.
National Plan of Action – seabirds
New Zealand is known as the seabird capital of the world – more species of seabirds breed in New Zealand than anywhere else in the world. MPI wants:
- seabirds to thrive in New Zealand waters without pressure or death from fishing-related activities
- New Zealand fishers to avoid or help reduce seabird captures
- New Zealand fisheries to be recognised globally as seabird-friendly.
We released a revised National Plan of Action for seabirds in 2013. The plan detailed how we're trying to reduce the incidental catch of seabirds in our fisheries. It also recognises New Zealand's unique place in the world for these birds.
Broadly, the plan seeks to:
- raise awareness of the problem
- ensure fishing methods that reduce seabird captures are used
- reduce capture rates to negligible levels.
We're reviewing the National Plan of Action and hope to finalise this in 2018.
National Plan of Action for seabirds (2013) [PDF, 2.1 MB]
Laws and regulations help protect seabirds
Almost all seabirds in New Zealand are protected species. The Wildlife Act 1953 and the Fisheries Act 1996 contain regulations that reduce the danger of fishing for these birds. New Zealand also follows international obligations around seabirds and fishing.
Fishing gear regulations
Fishing gear used by vessels poses one of the biggest threat to seabirds. They're attracted to the bait and caught fish, and the gear involved can injure, capture or kill them. In New Zealand, there are regulations around using certain types of gear.
- Bottom longline (No. F541) [PDF, 407 KB]
- Surface longline (No. 2014/213) [PDF, 269 KB]
- Trawl (No. F517) [PDF, 585 KB]
Vessel management plans
On boats longer than 28m, MPI and industry encourage fishers to follow vessel management plans, which explain how they should handle seabird interactions. These plans are in place on:
- all boats using the surface longline fishing method
- boats using the bottom longline fishing method in Fisheries Management Area 1 (on the north-east coast of the North Island)
- boats longer than 28m.
Read about vessel management plans [PDF, 1.6 MB]
Seabird liaison officers
Seabird liaison officers communicate with commercial fishers to:
- answer their questions on seabirds
- plan ways to reduce accidental capture
- increase the contact between MPI and industry, to provide opportunities to collaborate on any seabird issues.
The role of research
MPI collects information about seabird interactions with fisheries in a database. This helps us understand what is endangering seabirds, and how best to respond. The data is made available to the public through Dragonfly Data Science.
The Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Annual Review (AEBAR) provides a summary of capture information and resulting analyses.
- Online database – protected species bycatch in New Zealand fisheries
- Download the AEBAR 2016 [PDF, 30 MB]
Working with external organisations
MPI promotes policies and research within international conservation groups, like the:
- Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
- Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels
- Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
Find out more
- Risk assessment of commercial fisheries on New Zealand seabird populations [PDF, 2.6 MB]
- Agreement on the Conservation of Albatross and Petrel (ACAP) species profiles – ACAP website
- Bycatch mitigation guidelines – ACAP website
Who to contact
If you have any questions about the information on this page, email firstname.lastname@example.org